Nordic Travel
   Nordictravel.ru / Karelia / Karelia Sights / The White Sea - Baltic Canal eng   fin   rus   ger   it   


The White Sea - Baltic Canal



North West North East South West South East
Full Map
    Karelia Sights
    Kizhi
    Petrozavodsk
    Valaam
    Solovetsky
    Paanajarvi
      National Park
    Vodlozersky
      National Park
    Kivach
    White Sea
    White Sea -
      Baltic Canal
    Petroglyphs
    Seids & Labyrinths
    Karelian Villages
Bookmark and Share

The White Sea - Baltic Canal For a long time, people were thinking about a water connection of the White Sea in the North of Russia to regions in the south. This could help a lot to make cargo and passenger tranportation easier and much cheaper.
For example, in 1931 it took about 17 days to get from Arkhangelsk to Leningrad by water via the Barents, Norwegian, Northern and Baltic Seas. After the Canal was built the same route could be passed in 4 days.

Despite of many talks, the plan of a canal construction between the White Sea and Onego Lake was not realized until the Stalin times, when it was ordered to build the facility in a very short time.

In 1931 the construction of Belomorkanal began. The success of the project, which was finished in 1 year and 9 months (very fast for those times), was conditioned by the wide use of a cheap labour force of numerous prisoners, including many political ones. Advanced technical devices were almost not in use - the Canal was built with simple hand implements, like spades and picks.

The total length of the White Sea - Baltic Canal is 227 km, of which 37 km are human built, with the average depth of 5 meters. About 100 complicated hydro engineering facilities, including 19 water locks, numerous dams and weirs were erected mostly of local meterials such as wood and stone.

The White Sea - Baltic Canal. Second lock in the village of Povenets While passing the Canal, a boat firstly rises up to 70 meters in compare with Onego Lake, and then lowers down by 102 meters to the water level of the White Sea.
First locks #1, #2 and #3 are located in the settlement of Povenets near Onego Lake.
The last lock #19 is located in the town of Belomorsk, right by the White Sea coast.

More than 100,000 prisoners worked on the construction of the Canal. The exact number of people who died during the construction is not known.

Along the White Sea - Baltic Canal, a lot of memorials and several museums were set in the modern days to commemorate the memory of those who lost their lives during the Canal construction.

One of them is Sandermokh memorial near Povenets. Several thousand prisoners were executed and buried there.

The Canal has been used a lot for its major purpose - transportation of lumber, apatites, fish, oil, metals, construction materials etc.
Nowadays it has well lost it significance. Still, population of several settlements gets the job by maintaining the Canal.

Getting to the White Sea - Baltic Canal:

By water: there are several boats that cruise along the Canal in summer.
By land: one can get to Povenets or Belomorsk by car.

You can find a tour to the White Sea - Baltic Canal in our selection of Karelia tours.

Sandermokh Gulag memorial The White Sea - Baltic Canal The White Sea - Baltic Canal. Church in Povenets

back



  Karelia
  Tours
  Excursions
  Transfers
  Hotels
  Sights
  Photos
   Services & Information
   Russia Tours
   Information on Russia
   Russia Photo Gallery
   About Us and Contacts
   Destinations
   Karelia
   Moscow
   St. Petersburg
   Kola Peninsula
   Arkhangelsk Region
   Arctic
   Novgorod
   Far East & Kamchatka
   Vologda Region
   Leningrad Region
   Pskov Region
   Golden Ring

   We Recommend:
   Russian Arctic Trips
   Tours in St. Petersburg

Share with a friend:
Recommend Tweet


   Copyright © 2001-12 "Nordic Travel"