Russian Arctic is a huge area stretching along the northern borders of Russia and washed by the Barents Sea,
the Kara Sea, the Laptev Sea, the East-Siberian and Chukotka Seas.
The exploration of the region started in the 11th century when Russian sailors entered the seas of the Arctic Ocean.
Since then many expeditions of Russian and foreign polar explorers have travelled to these remote areas.
They discovered islands and archipelagoes, opened the West-East Passage which is the shortest sea route
between Europe and the Far East and found huge resources of coal, oil and gas.
Due to the long distances and harsh conditions travelling in the Arctic is complicated and expensive.
The best way is to use a boat and cruises to the Arctic Islands of Franz-Jozef Land, Novaya Zemlya and Vaigach
are arranged by icebreakers or ice-reinforced vessels.
Polar Regions located at the mainland are accessible by an airplane. The most interesting areas are
Nenets region, northern Siberia, Yakutia and Chukotka.
As the human impact on the environment is low Arctic remains a great place for ecotourism.
Arctic marine mammals include the beluga white whale, migratory the blue and the sperm whales, the walrus,
the narwhal, bearded seals, ringed and harp seals. The most famous land mammal is the Polar bear. Arctic Islands and
Polar mainland are the nesting places of numerous bird species.
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Tours to Russia in Winter 2012-13
Tours to Russia in Summer 2013